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Safeguarding and Welfare Requirements

Statutory Framework for the Early Years Foundation Stage

Setting the standards for learning, development and care for children from birth to five

Published March 2014
Effective September 2014

Contents

Summary
     About this statutory framework
     Expiry or review date
     What legislation does this framework refer to?
     Who is this framework for?
Introduction
     Overarching principles
Section 1 -The learning and development requirements
     The areas of learning and development
     The early learning goals 
Section 2 – Assessment 
     Progress check at age two 
     Assessment at the end of the EYFS – the Early Years Foundation Stage Profile (EYFSP) 
     Information to be provided to the local authority 
Section 3 – The safeguarding and welfare requirements 
     Introduction 
     Child protection
     Suitable people
     Staff qualifications, training, support and skills
     Key person 
     Staff:child ratios 
     Health 
     Managing behaviour
     Safety and suitability of premises, environment and equipment
     
Special educational needs
     Information and records

Summary

About this statutory framework
This framework is mandatory for all early years providers (from 1 September 2014)1: maintained schools; non-maintained schools; independent schools; all providers on the Early Years Register; and all providers registered with an early years childminder agency2.

Ofsted and inspectorates of independent schools have regard to the Early Years Foundation Stage (EYFS) in carrying out inspections and report on the quality and standards of provision. Ofsted publishes inspection reports at www.ofsted.gov.uk. Ofsted may issue a notice to improve (in respect of any failure to meet a requirement in the document) and/or may issue a welfare requirements notice (in respect of Section 3). It is an offence for a provider to fail to comply with a welfare requirements notice. Early years childminder agencies are also under a duty to have regard to the EYFS in the exercise of their functions.

Expiry or review date
This statutory framework remains in force until further notice.

What legislation does this framework refer to?
The learning and development requirements are given legal force by an Order3 made under section 39(1)(a) of the Childcare Act 2006.
The safeguarding and welfare requirements are given legal force by Regulations4 made under section 39(1)(b) of the Childcare Act 2006.

Who is this framework for?
This framework is for all early years providers (from 1 September 2014): maintained schools; non-maintained schools; independent schools; all providers on the Early Years Register; and all providers registered with an early years childminder agency.

  1. Section 46 of the Childcare Act 2006 enables the Secretary of State to confer exemptions from the learning and development requirements in certain prescribed circumstances.
  2. The Childcare (Exemptions from Registration) Order 2008 (S.I.2008/979) specifies the circumstances in which providers are not required to register.
  3. The Early Years Foundation Stage (Learning and Development Requirements) Order 2007 (S.I.
    2007/1772), as amended.
  4. The Early Years Foundation Stage (Welfare Requirements) Regulations 2012 (S.I. 2012/938), as amended.

Introduction
Every child deserves the best possible start in life and the support that enables them to fulfil their potential. Children develop quickly in the early years and a child’s experiences between birth and age five have a major impact on their future life chances. A secure, safe and happy childhood is important in its own right. Good parenting and high quality early learning together provide the foundation children need to make the most of their abilities and talents as they grow up.
The Early Years Foundation Stage (EYFS) sets the standards that all early years providers must meet to ensure that children learn and develop well and are kept healthy and safe. It promotes teaching and learning to ensure children’s ‘school readiness’ and gives children the broad range of knowledge and skills that provide the right foundation for good future progress through school and life.
The EYFS seeks to provide:
quality and consistency in all early years settings, so that every child makes good progress and no child gets left behind;
a secure foundation through learning and development opportunities which are planned around the needs and interests of each individual child and are assessed and reviewed regularly;
partnership working between practitioners and with parents and/or carers;
equality of opportunity and anti-discriminatory practice, ensuring that every child is included and supported.
The EYFS specifies requirements for learning and development and for safeguarding children and promoting their welfare. The learning and development requirements cover:
the areas of learning and development which must shape activities and experiences (educational programmes) for children in all early years settings;
the early learning goals that providers must help children work towards (the knowledge, skills and understanding children should have at the end of the academic year in which they turn five); and
assessment arrangements for measuring progress (and requirements for reporting to parents and/or carers).
The safeguarding and welfare requirements cover the steps that providers must take to keep children safe and promote their welfare.

Overarching principles
Four guiding principles should shape practice in early years settings. These are:
every child is a unique child, who is constantly learning and can be resilient, capable, confident and self-assured;
children learn to be strong and independent through positive relationships;
children learn and develop well in enabling environments, in which their experiences respond to their individual needs and there is a strong partnership between practitioners and parents and/or carers; and
children develop and learn in different ways and at different rates. The framework covers the education and care of all children in early years provision, including children with special educational needs and disabilities.

Rest of the framework can be read via following link:

https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/299391/DFE-00337-2014.pdf